22nd June 1941 Germany invaded Soviet occupied territories, codenamed “Operation Barbarossa”
Soviets suffered terrible defeats until the tide turned in 1943. The war on the Eastern front raged until 1945 and accounted for the majority of casualties in the 2nd World War
Soviet Union became allied to Great Britain, and thereby with Poland
30th July 1941 General Sikorski negotiated the Sikorski-Maisky (or Polish-Soviet) Pact which granted “Amnesty” to the 1-2 million exiled Poles and allowed the formation of a Polish Army in the USSR
General Anders was appointed Commander of the new Polish Armed Forces which was headquartered in Buzuluk, South Russia
There was no assistance from the Soviet authorities. The released Polish POWs and civilians had to make their way to the Polish Army recruitment centres on their own – without money, food or organised transport
The “Amnesty” led, in 1942, to the evacuation of approximately 116,000 Polish military and civilians to Persia.